More than 90% of childhood dermatitis is caused by an attack of bacteria from outside. However, few people know that weakened skin resistance is the main cause of that condition.
Dermatitis is a common disease in children and causes many unpleasant symptoms such as itching, pain, redness, desquamation. However, the protection of the baby’s skin is a problem that makes many parents have a headache because unlike adult skin. The baby’s skin is extremely weak and fragile. If your baby is in this situation, surely the following shares will help you a lot.
Are young children with dermatitis dangerous?
Dermatitis is a common term for the skin’s reaction to external factors. In children, according to statistics, these diseases are often associated with atopic allergies. Dermatitis is a fairly common, non-infectious disease and is often divided into many different categories. Therefore, you need to distinguish the common types of dermatitis common in young children to have appropriate interventions:
Atopic dermatitis (eczema)
Chronic, non-contagious skin disease The rate of children suffering from this disease is from 10 to 20%. Typical symptoms of the disease are red, itchy rashes (mainly in the folds inside the elbows, behind the knees, the front of the neck). When scratched it may ooze and crust over.
Purulent dermatiti is a common form of dermatitis in infants and young children, characterized by the appearance of pustules on the skin, focusing mainly on the skin with lots of hair and sweat as in skin folds. The disease thrives in the summer, the hot weather makes the baby’s body sweat more, creating conditions for bacteria and viruses to develop.
Skin rash in areas exposed to irritants such as soap, essential oils. These rashes are often itchy, red, and sometimes can form blisters.
According to experts, dermatitis is not a dangerous disease if you know how to care and treat, however, if don’t treate properly, the disease can get worse and cause many dangerous complications.
Slow growth: Symptoms of dermatitis can make babies tired, uncomfortable, leading to crying, refusal to eat, and sleep. Over time, the young body will not be provided with enough nutrition, resulting in weight loss and slow growth.
Infection: If you do not pay attention to hygiene, improper hygiene, or do not pay attention to cause children to scratch on the damaged skin, the inflammation will be infected, more serious can lead to sepsis, and lead to death.
Molluscum contagiosum: Viruses invade wounds and produce contagious molluscum. If you encounter this condition, you should seek medical attention immediately because this is a very high-risk complication of death.
Causes of children with dermatitis
The skin is the largest organ of the body and the first contact with the outside environment. So it is not difficult to understand when the skin becomes the ideal place for harmful bacteria to attack and inhabit. According to research, there are about 1 million bacteria living on every square centimeter of the skin and trying to penetrate the body every day.
To combat this powerful “army” of bacteria. The skin has been fitted with an extremely excellent “armor”, called “skin resistance” (skin resistance). Skin resistance is the ability of the skin to protect itself and restore itself from the effects of the external environment. It is the immune system’s natural mechanism to protect the body from disease-causing bacteria. However, in young children, this skin resistance mechanism is weaker than adults. In addition, many parents do not know how to properly hygiene children. Therefore, the baby’s skin is easily attacked by harmful bacteria and causes dermatitis.
The skin of the area like the buttocks, groin, genitals is a frequent “victim” of the disease. Because when the diaper for a long time, especially when the baby pee or pee without your knowledge. It is harmful bacteria from feces and urine will enter the skin causing dermatitis. In addition, young children can get dermatitis due to diaper material or rough clothes, rubbing on the skin leading to scratches, long-term will make the baby’s skin inflamed.
When your baby has dermatitis, what do you need to do?
If you find your child has symptoms of dermatitis. You should take your child to the hospital for an examination and accurate diagnosis of the type of dermatitis they have and the appropriate treatment. After the diagnosis, depending on the child’s condition, the doctor may recommend the following medications:
Topical corticosteroid cream: Apply 2 times daily to damaged skin. Applying for up to 10 days and not being abused by this cream can cause a number of complications such as changes in skin pigmentation, stretch marks, and thinning of the skin.
Anti-itch antihistamines: Usually used at night before going to bed because this drug can make children sleepy.
Antibiotics: Use when a child has an infection, pustules, oozing or blood appears. Antibiotics should be used according to the doctor’s instructions on dosage, how to use it.
Drugs that regulate the immune system: This method is used when other drugs are not effective. The drug may cause some unwanted side effects. Therefore, you need to discuss carefully with your doctor to prevent bad reactions.
In addition to giving your child medicine according to the doctor’s instructions, you also need to pay attention to your baby’s skin care for the best treatment:
Bath properly: Wash your baby regularly, shower for 10-15 minutes with moderately warm water, do not overheat because hot water can irritate the skin. After bathing, dry the baby with a soft towel, do not rub and hurt the skin.
Moisturizing: Moisturizing is very important in the treatment of dermatitis. You should apply moisturizer to your baby after bathing or after applying treatment drugs to help skin absorb nutrients better. However, you need to consult your pediatrician in choosing moisturizers that are suitable for your baby.
Preventing dermatitis in young children with simple measures
To prevent atopic dermatitis for your baby, you have to try some simple tips:
Daily cleansing of the skin with appropriate shower gel products, capable of clearing dirt, limiting the overgrowth of pathogenic bacteria on the skin, and can combine with skin resistance to protect the body from pathogenic bacteria in the best way.
Let children wear soft, breathable material. Avoid wool or coarse fabrics because they can irritate your baby’s skin.
Change diapers often, about 2-3 hours/time or when noticed diapers or immediately after the baby poop. In particular, do not let your baby wear diapers or stool with too much urine for too long. Note, you use a soft, warm, clean cloth to dry the groin, buttocks after the baby defecates urinates.
Avoid exposing your baby to allergens like wool, chemicals, pollen, pet hair…
Avoid scratching the skin by regularly trimming the child’s fingernails to limit scratching and scratching of the skin. Scratching the skin can increase the risk of skin infections.
Use an air humidifier to limit dry skin.
Build a nutritious diet, let children eat lots of green vegetables, fruits, drink plenty of water to increase the body’s resistance in general and skin resistance in particular.
Through the above sharing, hope you have some useful information about dermatitis in young children. Weak skin resistance is one of the main causes of skin diseases, so you should pay more attention to skincare for your baby.